Eid Salaah Amidst Covid-19

 

1. Eid Prayer at home amidst the Covid-19 pandemic

2. Performing the Eid Prayer - A Simple Guide

1. Eīd Prayer at Home amidst the Covid-19 pandemic

Click for downloadable copy

Shaykh Sulaymān Ar-Ruhaylī (Allāh preserve him)

 

Eīd Prayer at Home

 

1. Majority of the jurists are of the opinion that it is Mustahabb (recommended) to perform the ʿEīd prayer at home for the one who has missed the congregational ʿEīd prayer, and this is also the opinion of Ibn Bāz and Al-Fawzān. This ruling applies more so to the one who is not capable of performing the ʿEīd prayer with the Muslims in congregation, and yet to a greater degree if the congregational ʿEīd prayer is not held at all due to a [legitimate] excuse such as our situation today with the Coronavirus Coronavirus - ʿEīd Prayer at Home Page- 3 Pandemic if the curfew is ongoing. And whosoever performs the ʿEīd prayer at home, he should do so without delivering the sermon after the prayer because the sermon is from the duties of the ruler or whoever the ruler has entrusted this task to.

 

2. The proof presented by the majority of the scholars is that if [the Companion] Anas b. Mālik (Allāh be pleased with him) missed the ʿEīd prayer with the Imām, he would gather his family and perform the ʿEīd prayer with them in the same manner the Imām leading the congregation would do so.1 Also, in this 1This narration of Anas b. Mālik is from the Muʿallaqāt of Imām Al-Bukhārī which he reported using a decisive and assertive form, and it has been reported by Ibn Abī Shaybah Coronavirus - ʿEīd Prayer at Home Page- 4 situation2 (i.e. when one misses the congregational ʿEīd prayer), the ʿEīd prayer is considered to be a Nafl (supererogatory) prayer which is allowed to be performed at home just like all the other supererogatory prayers. Please note that Al-Albānī is of the view that the ʿEīd with a connected chain of narrators, and it is Sahīh (aunthentic). [This is the speech of the Shaykh]. [TN] - A Hadīth which is Muʿallaq is a narration that has one or more successive narrators omitted from the beginning of its chain which in our case is the part closest to Al-Bukhārī. 2 [TN] – I sought further clarification from the Shaykh regarding his statement “this situation”. He said it means, “In the case when one has missed the congregational ʿEīd prayer according to the Hanbalī Madhhab or unrestrictedly (at all times) according to the Mālikī and the Shāfiʿī Madhhabs”. Coronavirus - ʿEīd Prayer at Home Page- 5 prayer can be performed (made up) if it missed due to a [legitimate] excuse.

 

3. According to the Hanafīs and a group of jurists, the ʿEīd prayer cannot be performed except with the Imām, so if one misses the ʿEīd prayer, he should not make it up since praying it with the Imām is a condition for performing the ʿEīd prayer. And this is also the opinion of Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibn ʿUthaymīn (Allāh have mercy on them both). This is because the ʿEīd prayer was legislated to be performed with the Imām to the extent that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم ( commanded the women to attend the ʿEīd prayer even those who were menstruating and even those who could not find a Jilbāb, then it Coronavirus - ʿEīd Prayer at Home Page- 6 was said to them let your sister lend you a Jilbāb and attend.

 

4. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (did not say that the women should pray in their homes nor did he say that the menstruating women should be left at home, so this shows that the ʿEīd prayer is legislated with the congregation. What is apparent to me – and Allāh knows best - is that this affair is one in which there is flexibility. And I would like to point out that the speech of the jurists in the books of Islamic Jurisprudence is concerning the case where the ʿEīd prayer has already been performed in Coronavirus - ʿEīd Prayer at Home Page- 7 congregation in one’s country3, so in this situation is it permissible for the one who has missed the congregational ʿEīd prayer to make it up? As for the situation where the ʿEīd prayer is not established in congregation at all (which may be the case for most Muslims due to the Coronavirus), then the legal rulings concerning this matter are to be derived based on the aforementioned speech of the jurists.

 

5. What remains unclear is whether or not the Khutbah (sermon) after the ʿEīd prayer should be delivered in the case that the congregational ʿEīd prayer is not established due to the ongoing 3 [TN] - The Shaykh further clarified that this also applies to Non-Muslim countries where the congregational ʿEīd prayer is normally established. Coronavirus - ʿEīd Prayer at Home Page- 8 curfew, and a person therefore performs the ʿEīd prayer in congregation with his family. This matter is unclear because the scholars of the past ruled that he should not deliver the sermon in the context where the Imām has already delivered it. As for the situation where the congregational ʿEīd prayer is not held at all, then I have not come across any statement from our scholars concerning this issue. And we do not make a statement except if an Imām from our scholars has preceded us, so this issue requires further research.

 

6. [The Shaykh continues with further explanation of Tweet 5 and says]: What I am uncertain about is those countries in which the congregational ʿEīd prayer will not be held (this Coronavirus - ʿEīd Prayer at Home Page- 9 year). So in this context, if a person prays the ʿEīd prayer at home with his family in congregation, should he deliver the sermon (after the prayer) or not? I therefore refrain from issuing a verdict concerning this issue until I come across a statement from one of our scholars. We do not make a statement unless we have an Imām who has preceded us. As for the countries where the congregational ʿEīd prayer shall be established even if it is with a limited number of people, then in this scenario, the speech of the past scholars is to be applied. Translator: Yasar A. Rahmān 15 Ramaḍān 1441/ 8 May 2020

 

2. Performing the Eid Prayer - A Simple Guide

Click for downloadable copy

Esteemed Sisters and Brothers,

السلام علیكم ورحمة االله وبركاته الحمد الله رب العالمین، واصلاة والسلام على رسوله الصادق الأمین، وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى یوم الدین، وبعد

Our beloved Prophet and Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم (encouraged anyone who is unable to attend the Eid prayer with the Imam (congregation), to still offer two rakaats of nafl (Eid prayer) prayer, so that he/she is not deprived of sharing with the community, in the offering of prayers on the day of Eid, (Saheeh Al-Bukhari: Book of Prayer of the two Eids, Chapter(25):

“Whoever missed the Eid prayer should offer two rakaats of prayer: (2:74).”

This year is unlike any we have witnessed as we cannot gather for the Eid prayer. We therefore encourage all of you to offer the Eid prayer at home with your families as described below, then listen to the speech delivered live on the day of Eid from IIT (streamed on YouTube and Facebook).

 

How to Perform the Eid Prayer

 

The Eid prayer is a two rakaat (units), highly recommended (Sunnah) prayer, just like any two rakaat prayer, however, with one big difference: this difference is the addition of 12 extra Takbeeraat in the prayer as follows:

 

  • There are 7 extra Takbeeraat in the first rak’ah - NOT including Takbeer Tahreemah to begin the prayer

  • There are 5 extra Takbeeraat in the second raka’ah

  • In both rakaats, the extra Takbeeraat are recited BEFORE the recitation of Suratul-Faatihah.

 

STEPS:

First Raka’ah

  • Imam Says “Allaahu Akbar” to begin the prayer.

  • Then everyone, silently recites “Subhaanakal-laahumma wa bi hamdika wa tabaarakasmuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa laa ilaaha ghairuka” (known as Du’a Al-Istiftaah – The Opening Du’a).

  • Then the Imam recites 7 extra Takbeeraat – one after the other:

    • Allaahu Akbar (1)

    • Allaahu Akbar (2)

    • Allaahu Akbar (3) 

    • Allaahu Akbar (4)

    • Allaahu Akbar (5)

    • Allaahu Akbar (6)

    • Allaahu Akbar (7)
       

  • Then, after the 7th extra Takbeer, everyone folds their hands as normal in prayer, and the Imam then recites Surah Al-Faatihah and another surah.

  • Then the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” and goes for Ruku’ and Sujood as normal.

Second Raka’ah

  • The Imam says “Allahu Akbar” to stand up from the second Sajdah.

  • Now, while standing for the second rak’ah, he recites 5 extra Takbeeraat – one after the other

    • Allaahu Akbar (1)

    • Allaahu Akbar (2)

    • Allaahu Akbar (3)

    • Allaahu Akbar (4)

    • Allaahu Akbar (5)

 

3. Then everyone folds their hands as normal in prayer, the Imam then recites Surah Al-Faatihah and another surah and completes the prayer as normal.

NOTE: While reciting these extra “Takbeeraat”, the Imam and anyone praying with him, raise the hands, as in raising the hands with Takbeer Tahreemah to begin the prayer. May Allaah the Exalted accept from us our fasting, prayers, Qiyaam, du’as, Charities, and all good deeds. And may He gather us together one day soon, by His grace and permission. و علیكم السلام ورحمة االله وبركاته

 

Prepared by Shaikh Abdool Hamid, Instructor at IIT

 
 
Observing Eid Amidst Covid-19

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